Children who are overweight or obese are at greater risk of poor health in adolescence, as well as in adulthood. Among young people, orthopaedic problems and psychosocial problems such as low self-image, depression and impaired quality of life can result from being overweight. Excess weight problems in childhood are associated with an increased risk of being an obese adult, at which point cardiovascular disease, diabetes, certain forms of cancer, osteoarthritis, a reduced quality of life and premature death become health concerns (Lobstein, 2010; Currie et al., 2012).
Testing a man’s testosterone levels is fairly simple and only requires a few blood tests over a period of time. If his levels are consistently low, he can discuss treatment options with his provider. There are two primary forms of treatment: injections or a gel. Injections need to be taken every two weeks, but they can be done from home once the man is comfortable administering the injection himself. The gel is rubbed onto the skin daily. While treatment is fairly straightforward, there are side effects that men should watch out for, such as an increase in cholesterol or thickening of the blood. Testosterone treatment can also affect the prostate and sperm production, which is why many providers recommend testosterone treatment after a man is done having children.
Dietary sodium reduction is a cost-effective and efficient way to reduce cardiovascular disease. In Canada, it has been estimated that if the average sodium intake is decreased by 1840 mg a day, high blood pressure prevalence would decrease by 30%. This would result in approximately one million fewer Canadians with high blood pressure and direct annual cost savings of $430 million due to fewer physician visits, laboratory tests and medication. This reduction would also prevent an estimated 23,500 cardiovascular disease events per year in Canada-a decrease of 13% over current numbers, with an additional $949 million annually in direct savings.